059 238177 info@iscra.it

 

cmc-catching-matching-compatibility-1Title of Proposal:

 FACHIRI A.C.: family&children’s  resilience increasing After Cathastrophes

Note: Consortium members are listed in part A. For full proposals only, a summary list

should also be provided in the table below.

List of participants

Participant No * Participant organisation name Country
1 (Coordinator) Italy    
3                        Greece    
4                        Lituania    

* Please use the same participant numbering as that used in the administrative proposal forms.

Your proposal must address a work programme topic for this call for proposals.

 

We  agree with the following assumption: “There is evidence that promotion of mental well-being and prevention can reduce risk factors for mental disorders, enhance protective factors for good mental and physical health and lead to lasting positive effects on a range of educational, social and economic outcomes for young people”  Our project aims to intervene to promote resilience particularly in a post-catastrophe situation (like suicide-attacks, terrorism, war migrations, earthquakes, etc.). We propose  a suitable training for a net of families with young children, systemically based that intend to transfer interventions from the clinical field of family therapy  to a preventive application, finalized to resilience increasing, easy to adopt also on peer to peer basis

 

  • Objectives
  • Describe the specific objectives for the project[1], which should be clear, measurable, realistic and achievable within the duration of the project. Objectives should be consistent with the expected exploitation and impact of the project (see section 2).
  1. A) Increase the talent (ability) of the family to cope with crisis&catastrophes

And particularly adapting the intervention  with the  transitions of life cycle: Birth; First years; Primary school; Preadolescence; Adolescence; Transition to adulthood. We consider as protective factor the possibility for a child to have support from a wide circle of family, friends and community members and achieving developmental milestones.

1.2       Relation to the work programme

  • Indicate the work programme topic to which your proposal relates, and explain how your proposal addresses the specific challenge and scope of that topic, as set out in the work programme.

“Proposals should develop population-oriented primary prevention[3] interventions to promote mental well-being of young people and assess them for their effectiveness. ….The proposals should aim at increasing resilience and mitigating the impact of biological, psychosocial and environmental risk factors. The target group should include young up to 25 years (or a subgroup there of)….The research design should be developed by means of a multidisciplinary approach and involve the young themselves and other relevant stakeholders. Innovative approaches…should be considered. The interventions should use a holistic approach, taking gender and health inequality aspects into account, in increasing resilience and empowering the young. The interventions to be developed should reflect the diversity of the different countries and regions in Europe and beyond. The research should pay particular attention to ethical issues. The interventions should be assessed for mental well-being outcomes as well as the economic and social benefits and impact on reducing inequalities. These analyses of impact and effectiveness should be presented in quantitative as well as qualitative terms, in a gender disaggregated way where relevant. The results should be disseminated throughout Europe and beyond in order that the evidence generated is fully exploited.”

Field definitionChildren’s internal risk and protective factors and studies on resilience during and after catastrophes

PTSD is characterized by three symptom clusters that include re-experiencing, avoidance and numbing, and increased emotional arousal. Several studies suggest that PTSD symptoms are common among earthquake survivors, and powerful earthquakes that cause thousands of casualties can have long-term physical and psychological consequences on survivors. Nevertheless, few studies have examined the longitudinal course of PTSD among earthquake survivors, especially adolescent survivors. Studies conclude that Continuous screening is recommended to identify adolescent earthquake survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. More attention should be paid to adolescent survivors who are prone to adopt passive coping strategies responding to trauma events and who own external causal attribution. The psychosocial factors associated with resilience include optimism, cognitive flexibility, active coping skills, maintaining a supportive social network, attending to one’s physical well-being, and embracing a personal moral compass. These factors can be cultivated even before exposure to traumatic events, or they can be targeted in interventions for individuals recovering from trauma exposure. Currently available interventions for PTSD could be expanded to further address these psychosocial factors in an effort to promote resilience. The cognitive, behavioral, and existential components of psychosocial factors that promote individual resilience can also inform efforts to promote resilience to disaster at the community level.

Resilience, as a psychosocial construct, is generally described as adaptive characteristics of an individual to cope with and recover from (and sometimes even thrive after) adversity. Considering the range of stressful and traumatic experiences humans can face, and the range of potential responses, the factors that contribute to resilience compared to psychiatric disorders are an important area of investigation. Understanding these factors can help promote resilience in individuals before they even encounter trauma, can inform psychosocial intervention strategies for treating trauma survivors, and can aid in the development of resilient communities.

child’s internal risk factors. Some examples of these behaviours include:  feeling anxious; withdrawing from or avoiding new situations; being irritable or aggressive; not being able to follow rules or instructions; displaying behaviour that is difficult to manage; lacking an understanding of consequences; having difficulty understanding or using language. Protective factors within a child include:  an easygoing temperament; positive expectations of themselves; hopefulness about the future; a sense of independence; good communication; problem-solving and social skills; an ability to identify, express and manage their behaviour and emotions; an ability to develop positive and lasting relationships with friends and family.

It is our idea that the use of systemic concepts and practices will be fundamental to obtain a measurable outcomes regarding the increase of resilience during the first stages of life. To do this it is necessary an epistemological shift: Systemic knowledge has introduced a new paradigm in many disciplines since 1950. The systemic knowledge produced an huge array of interventions in health, economy, education, social field and psychotherapy. The development of family therapy was one of the most valuable aspects for mental health.  Family therapy has produced many techniques and proven outcomes (Stratton 2010, Carr, 2011).

Our proposal is  to transfer the proven efficacy of systemic intervention from the therapeutic field to primary prevention, measuring the efficacy of a tool*  in increasing the capacity of children to better cope with crisis. Systemic  practices  are not yet widely used in policy to help the family to function better in its social context. The family policies that each country delivers are frequently still based on lineal-causal paradigms. We want demonstrate that spreading systemic practice from the clinic to everyday life would represent a paradigm shift with potentially relevant, measurable positive consequences “for mental well-being outcomes as well as the economic and social benefits and impact on reducing inequalities.

In this project we aim to demonstrate that a specific systemic short training delivered to families also through peers to peers way will determinate an increasing of resilience measurable, consistent and permanent for all families members (epigenetically consistent for children)

A family that approaches the life cycle attuned with the goals of each transition is a family that needs less help, a family that has more autonomy and freedom, a family that helps the individual in his/her context to interpret each crisis as an opportunity. The shelter offered by a well functioning family is a starting point for hope, resilience  and proactivity. A crisis can be represented by war, emigrations, refugee status, unemployment, illness, ageing, hopelessness, but also by birth and growth, particularly if this happens in a context of general crisis (emigration poverty, etc.).

In our case the primary prevention program “relational vaccination” SFPT will involve families with children up to adolescence, giving them tools to be tuned with the crisis represented by the different steps of the growth. This holistic, ecosystemic intervention overcome the old idea to run separate programs for each of those issues.

 *“relational vaccination (RV)” proposed through a systemic family training program (SFPT)

 

1.3       Concept and methodology

            (a) Concept

  • Describe and explain the overall concept underpinning the project. Describe the main ideas, models or assumptions involved. Identify any inter-disciplinary considerations and, where relevant, use of stakeholder knowledge;

The systemic paradigm has developed best practices that can be transferred into policies to the advantage of families and our presuppositions are: The  family is one of the main matrix of meaning; 2)the minimum unit of analysis is the triadic relation; 3)the minimum family unit to consider regards three generations at least; 4) the social and cultural context plays a decisive role in family functioning 5) the process of balancing between morphogenesis and morphostasis is the most important task for a family; 6) tuning the individuals inside a family to accept the variation of lifecycle is fundamental to reduce symptoms and promote resilience; 7) problems are often an expression of an homeostatic strength that preserve the system from the change; 8) the promotion of reflexive thinking through various tools (metacomunication, triadic circular questions, tridimensional genogram, relational style profile, better narratives, etc) allows families to accept and promote desirable changes;  10) focusing the interventions on parents and grandparents of children will have many different results: a) the child is nurtured socially,emotionally and cognitively in a way that persists over the years also in an epigenetic manner; b)family as a whole learns better forms of communication that  will be useful also for other lifecycles they are living or they will live (in a family with a new born there is also, maybe, an old grand grandparent).

  • The use of practices based on those concepts will increase the networking, the self solution , the system and children resilience. Those will be key drivers to sustainable growth and social progress. If we will be able to use life models based on circular thinking, promoting reflexivity and decreasing triangulation between parents and child in different settings the effectiveness of the intervention would be higher.

Collaborations needed with neuroscientist  and genetic  and neuroimaging lab to measure and validate the Hypothesis (to be expanded)

Describe the positioning of the project e.g. where it is situated in the spectrum from ‘idea to application’, or from ‘lab to market’. Refer to Technology Readiness Levels where relevant. (See General Annex G of the work programme);

Techniques are already well structured but the study on large scale has to be done. The goals we look for are:

  • To undertake a pilot study in three different countries using a protocol to verify if a short systemic intervention carried out by three different groups after a short training (psychotherapists, counselors and educators) on couples with children produce measurable outcomes on resilience with different trajectories within each group.
  • To experiment the peer to peer administration of the protocol
  • To extend and apply the project to our network
  • To evaluate the results
  • To disseminate it not only via internet, local and international ad hoc conferences, but also through media and theatrical representations (using a method called symplexity: how to make difficult things easy)
  • To recommend to policy makers to use the systemic short intervention with families couples with children in different settings
  • To plan a post hoc analysis to measure differences between those groups and other already studied populations.

Our team will be multiprofessional including, family therapist, sociologists, psychologists, psychiatrists,medical doctors, neuroscientists,  health economists, pedagogues.

Context; trigenerational genogram; life cycle; good narrative; reflexive thinking are the core systemic  features we will focus on.

  • Outcomes will be measured through: SCORE (Stratton);self reflexivity;mentalization (Fonagy, Baldoni); family questionnaire on satisfaction (New Zealand Government),
  • Through neuroimaging and dna ad hoc studies.
  • We already experimented the model but we need funds to apply it in a large scale and funds to measure result with neuroscientifics methods
  • Describe any national or international research and innovation activities which will be linked with the project, especially where the outputs from these will feed into the project;

 

We are part of The European Family Therapy association and during the last decades we were able to collect a worldwide multidisciplinary network promoting the use of best practices for improving the well being  of a single family. We are now at the point to promote a wide  research  to demonstrate the possibility  to use the main concepts of therapeutic interventions in family therapy at a macro level and not only as a single intervention, agreeing with the Heckmann perspective on life cycle and childhood preeminence. Our hypothesis is that children raised up in a context in which there is a lack of  processual reflexive thinking may develop problems.  If true it is possible to think that an exposition to an environment rich on reflexivity (communication on communications, the idea that the minimal relational scheme is triadic- the child learn  detriangulating skills…) is protective for the rest of life cycle.

Although there is evidence that all policies take into account the family as a basic unit, it is our belief that findings deriving from systemic family therapy had been not yet transferred to the policy field. The present proposal aims to demonstrate that the use of the main findings of systemic family therapy as policy may contribute to a shift in human wellbeing with an increase of children resilience and an increase of protective factors.

Many others program are already running, for instance by the studies (RCT) conducted on FFT (functional family therapy)  with families of young offenders  that determined a new policy of the Government of the State of Washington. Also Systemic Family Parenting training  reduces child behaviour problems with relatively  low costs.

Nevertheless we have to remind that the EU committed during 2007 to M. Wooded a study on the topic “Changing perspectives on early childhood: theory, research and policy”. Moreover the EU  European Alliance for Families has published a policy brief on parenting support. “The document focuses on provision of services aimed at enhancing parenting skills and practices across European countries. Parenting support has gained attention from policymakers in Europe over the last two decades as it is seen as a potential lever to improve educational outcomes and reduce the risk of criminal behaviour. Parenting skills are also seen as drivers of reducing poverty and social exclusion.” One of the running program is called “The Triple P—Positive Parenting Programme is a multilevel system of family intervention that aims to prevent severe emotional and behavioral disturbances in children by promoting positive and nurturing relationships between parent and child.  According to the Triple P developers, apart from improving parenting skills, “the programme aims to increase parents’ sense of competence in their parenting abilities, improve couples’ communication about parenting, and reduce parenting stress. The acquisition of specific parenting competencies results in improved family communication and reduced conflict that in turn reduces the risk that children will develop a variety of behavioral and emotional problems” (Sanders, Turner, et al., 2002).

  • The innovation of our method is the peer to peer application and the use of new tools that give to the family both knowledge and experience of the basics of systems theory

(b) Methodology

  • Describe and explain the overall methodology, distinguishing, as appropriate, activities indicated in the relevant section of the work programme, e.g. for research, demonstration, piloting, first market replication, etc;

The specificity of our programme

Our programme, as it is described is  based on processual elements

SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEMIC FAMILY PARENTING TRAINING (SFPT) (Relational Vaccination)

It’s a short term consultation for couples with children having the goal to obtain an improvement of  children parents grand parents interaction followed by an increasing of resilience and a better functioning among grandparents and  parents.

Purpose: the aims  is to verify the efficacy and effectiveness of a short intervention (8 sessions) on couples with children. The pilot study will involve couples with children up to 18 years old; the study will involve  couples  in  3 different context with three different kind of delivery (therapyst; counselor, non professionals all using the three instrument used by SFPT).

The aims  is to help to demonstrate through research and application the efficacy and validity of our common factors ,common practice elements and  principles and their utility as instrument of basic health policies toward families and not only as therapeutic tools.

Since our aims is to demonstrate efficacy AND effectiveness of a systemic parenting training our research design will follow the pathway of international guidelines.

Our systemic parenting training  will focus on the three practical tools:  Tridimensional genogram, Relational style profile, Co-constructed tale  and  will focus on home tasks that regards: 1 Miths; 2) boundaries;3) roles and the narratives. Our procedures  are based on : Well grounded theory-(structural, epistemic, narrative- systemic therapy); Wide experience with families and  couples; Widespread and frequent use of the 3 tools during the last 30 years ; RSP; Tridimensional genogram and Better formed tale as relevant tools derived from the most important roots of systemic model: structural, epistemic strategic and narrative.

The tridimensional genogram  (3dG) is a special  version of the tool, designed to collect information about the couple system relations.    Compared to classical genogram, the tridimensional genogram shifts the focus from the digital structure of the family to the  analogic one, showing in an intuitive and spatial manner  the relationships and the network  the couple, and its individual members have.

The relational style profile (Rsp) interview is a guided process in which both members of the couples are asked to define theirselves  in a continuum in four different dichotomies as well as in four contexts for each dichotomy. At the end of this process , after the computer evaluation of the collected data they receive a couple profile in which is described the coupling indicator for the couple. The RSP allow the couple to impact strongly with the mentalization process and with the meaning of the concept of timing

The better formed tale is a tool formed by fifteen cards each contains  a short sentence and 5 or 6 images that goes from abstract to real. They are asked to write a story about this card, linked in an analogic manner to their own story; a metaphor of their couple life.  The first card is chosen by the therapist and the first story is co-constructed with the   participation of the therapist. Then they write a story by themselves and is given a task to fill up 5 different stories using the other cards as home work, doing it with the children.

Timing of training: First session: presenting, listening, score, Second session: 3d genogram, third session : rsp and home play prescription; forth session: feedback on rsp, resilient pattern, listening homework prescription of opposite patterns; fifth session: feedbacks, ideal genogram and rsp focusing solutions; sixt session: cocostructed better formed story (with the therapist) homework with children (home tales); seventh session: readmnistration of score, recall of better formed story; eight session:  listening the couple, qualitative interview with granparents.

First, second, third and fourth sessions are weekly. Fifth and sixth one session each two weeks; Seventh after a month; Eighth after 2 months.

Methodology and associated workplan

The implementation of the project foresees that  the SFPT will be administered before in a Pilot Study limited to the five nations.  Each nation will run three different groups: 1) lead by a psychotherapist; 2) lead by counselor; 3) lead by non professionals trained on SFPT; after the evaluation of the pilot study the SFPT will be done in another 5 countries of European Family therapy Association. A Milestone will be the international multidisciplinary conference launching the Paneuropean project and the early dissemination through innovative methods like the “Simplexity tour- the south east passage” and the “sailor by chance-adventures of an happy step-family”. The first is a method of theatre representation of systemics core features including sand drawing, music, and interviews with scientists, lead by young artist and systemic experts;   the second is an Europe tour by boats from Finland to Lituania to UK, France, crossing trough channels to Mediterranean sea toward Italy and Greece. The team of “Velisti per caso” Patrizio Roversi a famous Italian TV showman will promote it through his kind participation and will have local testimonial in different Nations. This method will give the possibility to recruit the needed sample of families and to promote the project with local authorities and media.

General plan

Consortium Management

  • Forming the consortium ( GR, IT, LIT,….)
  • Training to teach the systemic family parenting training  (SFPT) to 9 therapists for each country
  • Individuation of a pre sampling of families and individuation of professionals and non professionals who will led the SFPT
  • Each therapist apply SFPT up to 10 families
  • data analysis Discussion on results and statistical analysis and congruence and reliability between different groups
  • Consortium enlargement. Trainings for professionals non therapist and for non professionals (9 professionals and 9 non professionals for each country +9 therapists for each country)
  • DISSEMINATION : Europe Vela tour and Europe theatre tour

Recruitment through media and  following the prescribed ethical rules , the sample up to 60 families for each subgroup and  for each country Sub group a) led by therapists: 30 families for each country family Subgroup b) led by professionals (same) Subgroup c) led by nonprofessionals(same) idem

general meeting: doubts reframing

  • sample done, efta conference and presentation to the professional international audience

Statistical analysis done: differences and similarities among groups.  Outcomes

General meeting: improving the SFPT; choosing strategy to use the sfpt in different countries

Official booklet presented to eu, media and to local and nation policy makers

Starting recruiting non professional and professionals in different country and to train them

Campaign of recruitment and starting the use of SFPT in fifteen countries

  • training sfpt
  • General meeting, conference, media diffusions
  • Venn Diagram showing the different phases of our project: the training to learn how to correctly apply the instrument; the pilot study limited to six nations, the paneuropean application of the SFPT and the management, demonstration and dissemination as a circular process entangled to the whole and starting at the beginning of the process

our research aims  to foster  application of practice based families training on parenting based on systemics core features and run by trained non professionals supervised by professionals.

  • Where relevant, describe how sex and/or gender analysis is taken into account in the project’s content.

 Sex and gender refer to biological characteristics and social/cultural factors respectively. For guidance on methods of sex / gender analysis and the issues to be taken into account, please refer to http://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/gendered-innovations/index_en.cfm?pg=home

  • Ambition
  • Describe the advance your proposal would provide beyond the state-of-the-art, and the extent the proposed work is ambitious.

The studies coming from systemics and their pragmatic applications underline the fundamental role for the wellbeing of a person in his context (Family, community, nation, continent) of few basic concepts: the reflexive thinking and circular,triadic questioning; the quality (synctatic, pragmatic and semantic) of the communication; the trigenerational genogram and its dynamic and structure; the life cycle and the specificity of each single phase; the narrative and its timing;.

The Nobel Prize for Economics (2000) James J. Heckman wrote a seminal paper “the economics, technology, and neuroscience  of  human capability formation” (NBER 2007, Cambridge, Ma). The three lines abstract is a main point for our research of a shortcut between therapy and policy: “This paper begins the synthesis of two currently unrelated literatures: the human approach to health economics and the economics of cognitive and noncognitive  skill formation. A lifecycle investment framework  is the foundation for understanding the origin of human inequality and for devising policies to reduce it.”  He speaks about two unrelated bodies of research in economics that focus the  importance of the early years of childhood in shaping many adult outcomes and underlines that “while the literature on the epidemiology of diseases has taken a lifecycle developmental perspective, this approach has not yet made its way into the mainstream of  health economics”. We agree with this and we look for the same result but we notice that he uses presuppositions that comes from the main stream of child development studies and he doesn’t take into account systemic presuppositions.

The  systems functioning  had been addressed since the famous Macys conferences (1946-1953) from a multidisciplinary point of view involving many Nobel prizes. The results had been spread with the birth of  Cybernetics.It is for us necessary to have a systemic vision of the context with a proper identification of the matrix (something within or from which something else originates, develops, or takes form- Webster) of the meaning and in this sense we find it necessary to shift from the different individual qualities in different contexts ( the social net), and focus on  one of the main matrix of meanings: the family.As generally known (G.Bateson, H.vonFoerster, R.Wiener,  H.Maturana, M.SelviniPalazzoli, M. El Kaim…..) the family is a system with history in which participants share rules, meanings, languages and goals.  This basic, small and self organizing system could adjust internal system irregularities such as migration, illness, aging, growth and any particular situation that public welfare cannot provide with the same commitment. The more the family works less the government spends.  This basic unit, the family, is inserted in a  social network and the more this is working the less the family asks -or  needs- for an external help. There  is strong empirical  support for  using  some  form of Sft with  a  wide range  of conditions but particularly with parents of  young children. Reasons to ensure and expand provision of Family Therapy include: It has proven effectiveness for those conditions for which it has been properly researched. There is very substantial supportive evidence for its effectiveness from diverse research and clinical experience. Trained  family therapists draw on  a  good  range  of approaches with  clear  theoretical rationales. Current models of family therapy pay explicit attention  to  issues of culture, ethnicity, gender, discrimination and wider physical and societal contexts.  Properly trained  family therapists have  transferable  skills in  relation  to  team working, consultation, organisation etc. Family therapists can support other professionals in their work with families.”

Efficacy and effectiveness; evidence based practice (ebp): The work of P. Stratton and Alan Carr better than others illustrates the evidence of the results obtained with the systemic family therapy (Stratton, P  2010, A. Carr 2011). As this review demonstrates, Sft  provides effective help for people with an extraordinarily wide range of difficulties.. A  review of the  existing  ebp  finds substantial  evidence  for  the  efficacy and  the effectiveness of family interventions. Where economic analyses have been carried out, family therapy is found  to  be  no  more  costly, and  sometimes significantly cheaper, than  alternative treatments without loss of efficacy.Shadish&  Baldwin  (2003)  identified  140  meta-analyses in psychotherapy. They conclude that ‘marriage and family therapy is now an empirically supported therapy; it clearly works, both in general and for a variety of specific problems.’

Our aim is not to go beyond the state of the art in our field but our ambition is to use  in policies, on a regular basis, the main systemic assumptions about families and children growing. That appears still a mirage because the lineal patterns derived from ebm still privilege diagnosis based intervention instead of processual based programs. That determine a multitude of preventive project: one for each single diagnosis but this is not enough to change the element underpinning the diagnosis.

Our ambition is the diffusion of this kind of knowledge and experience: The exposure of a family to the main systemic assumptions also by non professionally trained people (de-triangulation, clear boundaries, reflexive thinking…) is significantly linked to an increasing of the capability of this system to remain tuned with its life cycle  and to improve the autonomous functioning in  problem solving. If this will be true, it will mean that this exposure could  happen also out of the therapeutic circuit and inside a program of social policy. We focus on and we will measure  the following  points: focusing the intervention during the life cycle of  childhood it will be possible to introduce inside the family system durable healthy working methods and the notion of tuning, that allows each  member to accomplish in a proper manner the task foreseen for his specific lifecycle period. sft can be used as a policy praxis, not only inside a therapeutic context but also as a policy to decrease inequalities and promote mental health with significantly reduced costs

Describe the innovation potential (e.g. ground-breaking objectives, novel concepts and approaches, new products, services or business and organisational models) which the proposal represents. Where relevant, refer to products and services already available on the market. Please refer to the results of any patent search carried out.

These points include the landmarks of systemic knowledge; all these products are already present and available for citizen and organization.

1) the reflexive  thinking and circular questioning : the reflexive thinking (tinking about thinking) as elaborated by Bateson and von Foerster is well known and studied also from the metacognitive position. Metacognition is  thinking about thinking and developing the process of solving problems and answering questions’; ‘the examination of how we think about how we do things, how we go about finding solutions, how well we can understand and analyse the systems, strategies and techniques we use to think to do things’; ‘ Child who develops metacognition is more resilient.

Circular questioning (i.e.what do you think your husband feel about the behavior your daughter has with your son?) (Penn, 1985) is not only a clinical technique that create and increase the reflexive thinking, introduced by SelviniPalazzoli, Boscolo, Cecchin, &Prata, (1980), but also a world vision. It is the action focused point of the hypothesizing process and a way of generating curiosity (Cecchin, 1987).

2) a communication without double binds and triangulations: includes  data from “Toward an ecology of mind”(G. Bateson) ;   from “Pragmatic of human communication”  (Beavin,Watzlavich et al), with concepts  like             double bind, metacomunication, punctuation, triangulation;  from “Uncommon therapies”          (J.Haley) and the concept of triangulation that M. Bowen (1971, 1978) labeled  the       pathological triangle  ( Bowen (1978) – two-person relationships tend to be unstable. Under           stress two people tend to draw in a third. The basic unit of an emotional system thus tends to            be the triangle)

3), trigenerational genogram and lifecycle  The genogram  is a way to represent the family system and his main relationships over at least three generations. A contextual must for a family therapist is the impossibility to attribute a meaning to a symptom without a clear vision of a genogram formed at least by three generations. Families repeat themselves. What happens in one generation will often repeat itself in the next. The same issues tend to be played out from generation to generation. As a result, relationship patterns in previous generations may provide implicit models for family functioning in the next generation.   Family history is built up through  patterns of relating and functioning  transmitted down generations, primarily through the mechanism of triangulation .

4) good narrative   Psychotherapy, which becomes ‘conversation’, is gaining increased attention together with further acknowledgement and significance of language in therapy.  White and Epston , who introduced the narrative approach to family therapy, proceed by following Foucault  and his idea that ‘narrations’ already dominating a social context are instruments of power, producing verities, which are not only objective statements about humans or human relations, but constructions to which verity is attributed, by which such the life of humans might be determined. In psychotherapy the ‘narrations’ and ‘stories’ are also seen as subjective descriptions, explanations of events which constitute the plot and the sense of the reality. The better formed story introduced by Carlos Sluzki (1992) states  that  in the course of the session, by the way in which we manage the therapeutic dialogue, we generate in / with them (or at least we plant the seed along the way for) a series of possible options, a set of potential “strange attractors,” that contribute to the probability that the presenting stories will be reconfigured around those new organizing principles as stories that are distinctly different qualitatively, that have a “better form.”

  • we try to demonstrate that a world conscious and with knowledge of this 4 main principles should get  the happiness and will promote a better childhood, mastering negative emotions linked with crisis and accepting the crisis as an evolutive point
  1. Impact

 We like to create a shortcut from family therapy to family policy that can fertilize the social field with a potentially  high benefit either from an economic perspective and  in improving  health and the quality of life.

Each continent and Nation has  his own policy to strengthen  the family. For instance a recent reviews of household economic strengthening programs (U.K.)  identifies 3 complementary and/or competing approaches (PEPFAR, 2011)

  1. Household Economic Strengthening 2. Social Protection 3. Other Economic Approaches

 Our presupposition is that using systemic factors, policies for strengthening families may have better results.

Systemic factors give to the families instruments of self regulation and self determination, tools that must increase the deutero learning, allowing them to understand how to interpret the difficulties of the life also as an opportunity to change and not only as a light from the sky. We propose to use the legacy  stored up from the study of mental and relational pathology to construct suitable family policies.

Our research aims to evaluate the better qualitative short instrument to be applied successfully to the families in order they obtain an health balance between stability and change. We will do it focusing on the systemic core concepts. Those will lead to a measurable and permanent increasing of children resilience

 

2.1       Expected impacts

 Please be specific, and provide only information that applies to the proposal and its objectives. Wherever possible, use quantified indicators and targets.

  • Describe how your project will contribute to:
    • each of the expected impacts mentioned in the work programme, under the relevant topic;

 

[1]     The term ‘project’ used in this template equates to an ‘action’ in certain other Horizon 2020 documentation.

 

 

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